The pneumatic grouting pump is compact in structure, small in size, and easy to move. It can be placed directly on a relatively flat ground; the inlet and outlet of the pump use quick plug connectors, which are convenient and fast to connect the suction and discharge pipes, and the sealing is reliable; the pneumatic grouting pump The power is compressed air, which can change the flow of compressed air for stepless speed regulation; the air motor drives three piston pumps, and the piston area ratio of the motor and three piston pumps is 28:1, which determines the ratio of intake pressure and output pressure: 1: 28. The basic structure capable of delivering two liquids at a proportionally high pressure is mainly composed of a pipe rack, a cylinder, a piston, an end cover, a connection box, a liquid cylinder, a slurry discharge cylinder, a directional valve and some auxiliary parts.
Compressed air passes through the ball valve to the water separator air filter in the duplex, and the purified gas reaches the fixed-value pressure regulating valve. A pressure gauge is installed in between to observe the inlet pressure and determine the water separator air filter. Whether the filter cup is clogged, you can also judge whether the pressure regulating valve is working normally. The air pressure gauge on the pressure regulating valve indicates the output gas pressure after pressure regulation. After passing through the lubricator in the two-piece system to the two-position five-way directional valve and stroke valve . The dial on the cylinder rod toggles the stroke valve. The stroke valve controls the reversing valve, changes the direction of the air, and pushes the cylinder piston to reciprocate. The exhaust gas discharged from the cylinder is discharged into the atmosphere through the muffler. Pneumatic grouting pump cylinder piston rod directly pushes the liquid cylinder piston. The slurry suction and drainage work is completed through the inlet and outlet valve. The slurry is pressed into the hole of the well wall through the mixer and the grouting nozzle, and diffuses into the crack of the rock layer.
The fixed value pressure regulating valve in the duplex has the performance of automatically adjusting the output gas flow rate while maintaining the output gas pressure unchanged, thus forming a closed-loop automatic control of the pneumatic grouting pump, so that the discharge liquid has a constant pressure automatic adjustment performance.
In the early stage of the pneumatic grouting pump, due to the large cracks in the rock formation and the small diffusion resistance of the slurry, the pump pressure was low. At this time, the resistance of the piston of the cylinder was small, the working gas pressure was low, and the regulating valve wanted to maintain the pressure of its output gas, it automatically increased the output. The flow of gas, so the pump's reciprocating speed is fast, and the displacement is large. (When the amount of slurry consumption is greater than the maximum displacement of the pump, the indicated pressure of grouting is lower than the set pressure).